Is the motor connected on the load side of the higher rated device and on the line side of the lower rated device in the series combination? If so, the motor full load current would not be able to exceed 1% of the AIC rating of the 10k breakers in order to have a code complaint series rated system.

When deciding to go with a series rated combination over a fully rated system, motor contribution needs to be considered if motors are located in specific locations relative to the overcurrent devices that are part of a series combination.

The reason: If a fault occurs such as a short-circuit, running motors can momentarily contribute current to the short-circuit condition (four to six times the motor full load current rating).

The additional motor contribution can result in a short-circuit current exceeding what the load side (protected) circuit breaker was tested to handle during the series rated combination testing.

NEC 240.86(C) does not allow a series rated system to be used if motors are connected **between** overcurrent devices used in a series combination where the sum of all motor full load current (FLC) exceeds 1% of the interrupting rating (AIC rating) of the lowest rated circuit breaker in the series combination.

The code language in 240.86(C) can be difficult without a picture. The first step is to determine motor location by asking the following questions:

- Is the motor connected anywhere on the load side of the OCPD with the higher AIC rating used in the series combination? If the answer is no, then the motor load is not an issue for the series rated system. If the answer is yes, move to question 2.
- Is the motor connected on the line side of the OCPD with the lower AIC rating in the series combination? If the answer is yes, then the sum of the motor FLC cannot be more than 1% of the lower rated circuit breakers AIC rating. If unsure, move to question 3.
- Is the motor connected on the load side of one of the circuit breakers with the lower AIC rating in the series combination? If so then it isn’t connected on the line side of the lower rated circuit breaker and the motor load is not an issue for the series combination.

**See the actual NEC ^{®} text at **

**2017** **Code Language:**

**240.86(C) Motor Contribution. ***Series ratings shall not be used where*

*(1) Motors are connected on the load side of the higher rated overcurrent device and on the line side of the lower-rated overcurrent device, and*

*(2) The sum of the motor full-load currents exceeds 1 percent of the interrupting rating of the lower-rated circuit breaker.*

**2020 Code Language:**

**240.86(C) Motor Contribution. ***Series ratings shall not be used where*

*(1) Motor circuits are connected between the higher-rated overcurrent device of a series-rated combination and on the lower-rated circuit breaker, and*

*(2) The sum of these motor full-load currents exceeds 1 percent of the interrupting rating of the lower-rated circuit breaker.*

**2023 Code Language:**

**240.86(C) Motor Contribution. ***Series ratings shall not be used in the following situations:*

*(1) Where motor circuits are connected between the higher-rated overcurrent device of a series-rated combination and on the lower-rated circuit breaker, and*

*(2) Where the sum of these motor full-load currents exceeds 1 percent of the interrupting rating of the lower-rated circuit breaker.*

**Refer to the image.**

**Where is the motor connected?**

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